The National Policy In Reproductive Health And Social Education And Plan Of Action
The National Reproductive and Social Health Education Policy that applies to all walks of life regardless of age, to increase the knowledge on sexual reproductive health among Malaysia and to encourage them to have a positive attitudes towards reproductive and social services.
Earlier it was known as PKRS Policy. However, in 2012, the Policy and Action Plan for National Reproductive and Social Health Education was known as PEKERTI Policy.
Reproductive and social health education is fundamental to the development of strong and healthy human development, honorable and mutual respect. The policy takes into account the diversity of religion, culture and values of life in Malaysia.
Following the approval of the Parliament of Malaysia on the Policy and Action Plan for National Reproductive and Social Health Education (PEKERTI) in 2009, LPPKN through KPWKM has implemented the PEKERTI Programme at the kafe@TEEN Adolescent Centres, Program Khidmat Latihan Negara (PLKN), and schools.
The reproductive and social health education is a lifelong process for acquiring a comprehensive knowledge of biological, socio-cultural, psychological and spiritual aspects towards healthy behavioral practice in life. This education and knowledge helps the formation of responsible individuals, thus create a Malaysian society that is free from the growing social phenomena.
The objectives of the Reproductive and Social Health Policy are:
- To raise awareness of the community about the importance of reproductive health and social education;
- To develop expertise in reproductive health and social education among members of the community;
- To enhance research and development to improve reproductive health and social education systems, and
- To improve the effectiveness of implementing health and social education.
To achieve the above objectives, strategies have been formulated based on four main aspects of advocacy, human capital development, research and development, and monitoring and evaluation. These strategies are as follows:
- Reducing sensitivity and misconception on reproductive and social health education through the provision of specialized support programs to parents, family members, caregivers, teachers, health care providers, carers and the society;
- Establishing and enhancing multi-sector collaboration in reproductive and social health education
Human Capital Development
- Developing trained human capital in reproductive and social health education
Research and Development
- Implementing and enhancing the research and development of reproductive and social health education;
- Increasing accessibility to all relevant resources in reproductive and social health education.
Monitoring and Evaluation
- Establishing coordination, monitoring, and evaluation mechanisms for the implementation of reproductive and social health education programs.
TARGET GROUPS FOR PEKERTI PROGAMME:
- National Service Training Program (PLKN) Trainee.
- School students (Primary, Secondary and special educational school).
- Institute of Higher Learning and College Student.
- Parents and the public, in which the program is absorbed in the Family Development Program and the Center for Family (AIRIS)
IMPLEMENTATION OF PEKERTI:
1. kafe@TEEN adolescent centre
- The program started since 2005.
- Using the module from the National Population and Family Development Board, Federal of Reproductive Health Associations Malaysia (FRHAM) and the Women's Centre for Change (WCC).
- The target group is 13-24 year olds.
- This program started since 2011.
- Using PEKERTI @ National Services Module
- The module runs for 8 hours.
- The target groups are National Service Training Program (PLKN) trainees.
- Using the Reproductive Health for Adolescent Module by FRHAM for year 6 students and Cakna Diri Module by NPFDB for form 3 student.
- PEKERTI @ School Module runs for 8 hour.
- The target group are school children (primary, secondary and special education Schools)